Biden to set ‘guardrails’ in first face-to-face talks with Xi as president

Issued on: 14/11/2022 – 08:11

This combination image shows US President Joe Biden in Washington, November 6, 2021, and China’s President Xi Jinping in Brasília, Brazil, November 13, 2019. © Alex Brandon, Eraldo Peres, AP

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US President Joe Biden meets China’s Xi Jinping in Bali on Monday hoping to set “guardrails” for relations between the countries, as the world’s 20 largest economies hold their first major post-pandemic summit.


The superpower sitdown will be s first in-person summit with since taking office. The pair last met in 2017, when Biden was vice president.

The leaders meet with rivalry between the world’s top two intensifying sharply and with becoming more powerful and more assertive about replacing the -led order that has prevailed since .

The talks on the margins of the G20 have the air of the icy conclaves between American and Soviet leaders at Potsdam, Vienna or Yalta that decided the fate of millions.


Biden has spoken about the meeting establishing each country’s “red lines”.

The overarching goal will be setting “guardrails” and “clear rules of the road”, a senior White House official told reporters hours before the meeting.

“We do all of that to ensure that competition does not veer into conflict.”

Biden is expected to push China to rein in ally North Korea after a record-breaking spate of missile tests raised fears Pyongyang will soon carry out its seventh nuclear test.

Xi, whose last in-person US summit was with Donald Trump in 2019, may be in no mood to help. He arrives buoyed by securing a landmark third term in office, cementing him as the most powerful Chinese leader for generations.

Biden too arrives bolstered by his Democratic Party’s better-than-expected showing in midterm elections in which they retained control of the US Senate, although he remains vulnerable in domestic politics.

Asked by AFP at a regular press briefing what China’s expectations were from the face-to-face talks in Bali, foreign ministry spokeswoman Mao Ning said Beijing strived for “mutual respect, peaceful coexistence and win-win cooperation” with Washington.

“We hope the US will work together with China, appropriately keep differences in check, promote mutually beneficial cooperation and avoid misunderstandings and misjudgments in order to push US-China relations back on track for healthy and stable development,” she said.

Xi arrived in Bali on Monday afternoon on only his second overseas trip since the pandemic, after a visit to Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan in September.

Putin staying away

The G20 summit opens in Bali on Tuesday and comes with food and fuel prices spiking worldwide, Ukraine mired in conflict and the renewed threat of nuclear war casting a menacing pall.

There will be one conspicuous absence around the table — Russian President Vladimir Putin.

His botched nine-month-old invasion of Ukraine has made the trip to Bali logistically difficult and politically fraught.

With members of his inner circle quarrelling publicly and his once ironclad domestic authority tarnished, Putin instead elected to send veteran foreign minister Sergei Lavrov.

Officially, neither the war in Ukraine, nor Putin’s dark threats to use nuclear weapons are on the summit agenda.

But while the ex-KGB man will not be at the summit table, his war will certainly be on the menu.

Soaring energy and food prices have hit richer and poorer G20 members alike — and both are directly fuelled by the conflict.

On Monday, US Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen said an end to the conflict was “a moral imperative and the single best thing we can do for the global economy”.

And ahead of his departure to Bali, British Prime Minister Rishi Sunak said he would “call out Putin’s regime”.

There is likely to be pressure on Russia to extend a deal allowing Ukrainian grain and fertiliser shipments through the Black Sea when the current agreement expires on November 19.

‘Never been this complex’

At a minimum, Biden and his allies would also like to see the G20 make it clear to Putin that nuclear war is unacceptable.

At a recent meeting with German Chancellor Olaf Scholz, Xi said that a nuclear war cannot be won and should never be fought.

But a clear statement on the issue from the grouping is likely to be blocked by a mixture of Russian opposition and Chinese unwillingness to break ranks with its ally in Moscow or give Washington a win.

The G20 — a disparate and unwieldy grouping born in 1999 after the Asian financial crisis — has always been most comfortable discussing finance and economics rather than security.

Moscow would like it to stay that way.

“We categorically reject the politicisation of the G20,” the Russian foreign ministry said Sunday, offering a taste of what leaders might hear from the famously unbending Lavrov.

G20 ministerial meetings leading to the summit have failed to agree a final joint communique and Indonesian officials said Monday it remained a “work in progress” and a “main goal” for the summit.

“Honestly, I think the global situation has never been this complex,” Indonesian government minister Luhut Binsar Pandjaitan said Sunday.

“If eventually (the G20) leaders do not produce a communique, that’s that, it’s ok.”

(FRANCE 24 with AFP)

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