Ivory Coast’s Charles Blé Goudé, key figure in post-election violence, to make low-key return

Issued on: 26/11/2022 – 11:19

Ivory Coast politician and businessman Charles Ble Goude waves to supporters attending the appeals hearing at the International Criminal Court in The Hague, Netherlands, February 6, 2020. © Jerry Lampen, AP

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Charles Blé Goudé, a key figure in post-electoral violence that swept Ivory Coast 11 years ago, made a low-key homecoming this weekend.


The former right-hand man to ex-president Laurent Gbagbo flew  after being by the (ICC).

in a country still nursing the wounds of the 2010-11 conflict, which claimed several thousand lives.

But Boga Sako, who heads the welcoming committee, told a press conference that Blé Goudé “wishes to make a sober return”.

“The welcoming committee urges friends, relatives, campaigners, admirers or sympathisers to scrupulously observe security measures and Mr. wishes so that this return is part of the process of national reconciliation and cohesion,” he said.

“There’s no point in going to the airport,” he warned. In a statement to AFP, Ble Goude said he was “very happy” to be returning to his home country, but also appealed for “discipline and a spirit of reunion”.

, a fiery left-wing orator from a humble background who portrayed himself as champion of the poor, was Ivory Coast’s president for 10 turbulent years. In October 2010 he lost in elections to Alassane Ouattara but refused to accept the result.

Their showdown split the country along north-south lines, triggering violence in 2011 that claimed an estimated 3,000 lives.

Blé Goudé at the time was head of a pro-Gbagbo nationalist group called the Young Patriots – his nickname was “the General of the Streets” for his ability to raise and rouse angry crowds.

After Gbagbo was detained, Blé Goudé fled to Ghana, where he was arrested in 2014 and transferred to The Hague. He and his former boss were placed on trial in 2016 for crimes against humanity. They were acquitted in 2019, a ruling that was upheld definitively in March last year.

Gbagbo, 77, who still has a groundswell of support in Ivory Coast, negotiated his return with Ouattara and came home in June 2021.

He donned the role of elder statesman to help “reconciliation” in a country shaken by deadly violence that erupted when Ouattara in October 2020 mounted a bid for a third term in office – a move that critics said breached the constitution.

Low profile

Blé Goudé, 50, was issued with a passport in May but his return is also being scripted by behind-the-scenes contacts. Sako said Blé Goudé would arrive on a regular commercial flight and exit through normal channels, not via a presidential or ministerial suite. , he said. 

He will then go to Yopougon, a working-class area of Abidjan, “for a party, not a (political) rally”, he said. Blé Goudé, like Gbagbo previously, also has the shadow of legal proceedings over him.

In 2019, shortly after his acquittal by the ICC, an Ivorian court sentenced him to 20 years in absentia on charges of murder, rape and torture in the 2010-11 violence.

. He was pardoned by Ouattara in August.

(FRANCE 24 with AFP)

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